Research conducted by North Carolina State University, Brigham Young University, and Pennsylvania State University showed that parental involvement is more important than school involvement in the prevention of alcohol and marijuana use among children.
According to Dr. Toby Parcel, professor of sociology at North Carolina State University, “Parents play an important role in shaping the decisions their children make when it comes to alcohol and marijuana.” Although school programs associated with marijuana and alcohol use are valuable to prevention practices, Parcel believes “the bonds parents form with their children are more important.”
Researchers collected information from over 10,000 students, parents, teachers and administrators across the United States and evaluated the data. Researchers specifically researched how “family social capital” and “school social capital” affected the likelihood of children using marijuana and alcohol. Family social capital involves bonds between parents and children that include trust and communication. School social capital serves as a positive environment for children to learn through classrooms, extracurricular activities, and teachers addressing their needs.
Alcohol use and marijuana use were researched separately. The researchers found that students with high levels of family social capital and low levels of school social capital were less likely to use marijuana or alcohol compared to students with high levels of school social capital and low levels of family social capital.
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