Can prevention programs make an impact in high school?

March 27, 2017

Yes! Research shows that drug prevention also works with High School students!

HS no bgstudy published in the World Journal of Preventive Medicine found that the LifeSkills Training High School Program:

  • cuts drug abuse in half
  • works with a broad range of students
  • is a cost-effective approach to a major public health problem

Do you want to get trained to teach this program in your school/community? Register for the online training workshop on April 5, 2017. Space is limited so register early and save.

 

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High school isn’t too late for drug prevention

January 24, 2017

Research shows that drug prevention also works with High School students!

HS no bgstudy published in the World Journal of Preventive Medicine found that the LifeSkills Training High School Program:

  • cuts drug abuse in half
  • works with a broad range of students
  • is a cost-effective approach to a major public health problem

Do you want to get trained to teach this program in your school/community? Register for the 2-part online training workshop on February 1st and 2nd. Space is limited so register early and save.

 


More Than Half of 12th Grade Binge Drinkers Drink Ten or More Drinks in a Row

November 18, 2013

More than half of 12th grade binge drinking episodes involve drinking ten or more drinks in a row, according to the first national study to examine extreme binge drinking among youth. Between 2005 and 2011, one in five U.S. high school seniors reported binge drinking—drinking five or more drinks in a row in the last two weeks. Slightly more than one-half (52%) of these binge drinkers were extreme binge drinkers, defined as having consumed 10 to 14 (24%) or 15 or more (28%) drinks in a row (see figure below). The study also found that while high school grades and college plans did not predict binge drinking at any level, students in more rural areas were more likely to report extreme binge drinking of 15 or more drinks in a row than students in more urban areas (data not shown). According to the authors “a combination of classic binge drinking measures and assessments of extreme binge drinking is warranted to refine our understanding of such high level of alcohol use among youth. Differentiating between levels of binge drinking, in terms of behavioral predictors and resulting consequences, may help determine specific risks and contribute to more effective screening and tailored intervention methods” (p. 1023-1024).

Adapted by CESAR from data from Patrick, M.E., Schulenberg, J.E., Martz, M.E., Maggs, J.L., O’Malley, P.M., and Johnston, L.D., “Extreme Binge Drinking Among 12th-Grade Students in the United States, Prevalence and Predictors, JAMA Pediatrics 167(11):1019-1025. For more information, contact Dr. Megan Patrick at meganpat@umich.edu.


Flavored Cigarettes and Little Cigars Used by More Than 40 Percent of Middle and High School Smokers

October 29, 2013

More than two out of every five middle and high school students who smoke report using either flavored little cigars or flavored cigarettes, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published in the Journal of Adolescent Health. This article, using data from the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), is the first to measure how many American youth are using flavored little cigars and flavored cigarettes.

The study also shows that among youth cigar smokers, almost 60 percent of those who smoke flavored little cigars are not thinking about quitting tobacco use, compared with just over 49 percent among all other cigar smokers.
“Flavored or not, cigars cause cancer, heart disease, lung disease, and many other health problems. Flavored little cigars appeal to youth and the use of these tobacco products may lead to disfigurement, disability, and premature death,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, MPH. ”We need to take comprehensive steps to reduce all tobacco use for all of our youth.”
The study found that 35.4 percent of current youth cigarette smokers reported using flavored cigarettes, which could include menthol cigarettes or flavored little cigars that students mistook for flavored cigarettes. In 2009, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act was enacted and prohibited the use of flavors, except menthol, in cigarettes. However, flavored little cigars are still manufactured and sold with candy and fruit flavorings.

“Little cigars contain the same toxic and cancer-causing ingredients found in cigarettes and are not a safe alternative to cigarettes,” said Tim McAfee, MD, MPH, director of the CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health. “Many flavored little cigars appear virtually indistinguishable from cigarettes with similar sizes, shapes, filters, and packaging.”

In addition to offering a wide variety of flavors that appeal to young people, little cigars are taxed at a lower rate than cigarettes at the state level. Little cigars have become more popular in recent years; sales increased 240 percent from 1997 to 2007, with flavored brands making up almost 80 percent of the market share.

Earlier this month, Dr. Gary Giovino, a University of Buffalo, SUNY professor, authored a guest post on CADCA’s Blog about the findings of a recent study on menthol cigarette use among young people. Click here to read “Menthol Cigarettes: More Sweetening, Same Poisons”.

Source: http://www.cadca.org/resources/detail/flavored-cigarettes-and-little-cigars-used-more-40-percent-middle-and-high-school-s


Electronic Cigarette Use Among Middle and High School Students

October 28, 2013

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Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, are battery-powered devices that provide doses of nicotine and other additives to the user in an aerosol. Depending on the brand, e-cigarette cartridges typically contain nicotine, a component to produce the aerosol (e.g., propylene glycol or glycerol), and flavorings (e.g., fruit, mint, or chocolate) (1). Potentially harmful constituents also have been documented in some e-cigarette cartridges, including irritants, genotoxins, and animal carcinogens (1). E-cigarettes that are not marketed for therapeutic purposes are currently unregulated by the Food and Drug Administration, and in most states there are no restrictions on the sale of e-cigarettes to minors. Use of e-cigarettes has increased among U.S. adult current and former smokers in recent years (2); however, the extent of use among youths is uncertain.

Data from the 2011 and 2012 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), a school-based, pencil-and-paper questionnaire given to U.S. middle school (grades 6–8) and high school (grades 9–12) students, were used to estimate the prevalence of ever and current (≥1 day in the past 30 days) use of e-cigarettes, ever and current (≥1 day in the past 30 days) use of conventional cigarettes, and use of both. NYTS consists of a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of students in grades 6–12 from all 50 states and the District of Columbia (3).

During 2011–2012, among all students in grades 6–12, ever e-cigarette use increased from 3.3% to 6.8% (p<0.05) (Figure); current e-cigarette use increased from 1.1% to 2.1% (p<0.05), and current use of both e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes increased from 0.8% to 1.6% (p<0.05). In 2012, among ever e-cigarette users, 9.3% reported never smoking conventional cigarettes; among current e-cigarette users, 76.3% reported current conventional cigarette smoking.

Among middle school students, ever e-cigarette use increased from 1.4% to 2.7% during 2011–2012 (p<0.05) (Figure); current e-cigarette use increased from 0.6% to 1.1% (p<0.05), and current use of both e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes increased from 0.3% to 0.7% (p<0.05). In 2012, among middle school ever e-cigarette users, 20.3% reported never smoking conventional cigarettes; among middle school current e-cigarette users, 61.1% reported current conventional cigarette smoking.

Among high school students, ever e-cigarette use increased from 4.7% to 10.0% during 2011–2012 (p<0.05) (Figure); current e-cigarette use increased from 1.5% to 2.8% (p<0.05), and current use of both e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes increased from 1.2% to 2.2% (p<0.05). In 2012, among high school ever e-cigarette users, 7.2% reported never smoking conventional cigarettes; among high school current e-cigarette users, 80.5% reported current conventional cigarette smoking.

E-cigarette experimentation and recent use doubled among U.S. middle and high school students during 2011–2012, resulting in an estimated 1.78 million students having ever used e-cigarettes as of 2012. Moreover, in 2012, an estimated 160,000 students who reported ever using e-cigarettes had never used conventional cigarettes. This is a serious concern because the overall impact of e-cigarette use on public health remains uncertain. In youths, concerns include the potential negative impact of nicotine on adolescent brain development (4), as well as the risk for nicotine addiction and initiation of the use of conventional cigarettes or other tobacco products.

CDC and the Food and Drug Administration will continue to explore ways to increase surveillance and research on e-cigarettes. Given the rapid increase in use and youths’ susceptibility to social and environmental influences to use tobacco, developing strategies to prevent marketing, sales, and use of e-cigarettes among youths is critical.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6235a6.htm?s_cid=mm6235a6_w


Study On Teen Substance Abuse Highlights Need for Screening and Prevention Programs

April 19, 2011

The Parntnership at Drugfree.org reported on a study on teen substance abuse. A new study showing marked increases in teen use of marijuana and Ecstasy over the past three years underscores the importance of incorporating screening and prevention programs into all health care interactions with adolescents and their parents, says a leading expert on adolescent substance abuse treatment.

“Any time professionals have an option to work with parents or teenagers, even if it’s not directly about a substance abuse issue, they should be putting drug use on the radar screen,” says Ken Winters, Ph.D., Director of the Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research, Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Minnesota, and Research Scientist at Treatment Research Institute.

Click here for full article.


Funding for the DFC Program Fully Restored for FY 2011—Deeper Cuts Staved Off For SAMHSA

April 15, 2011

CADCA reported on funding for the DFC program. When CADCA issued an alert earlier this year that the Drug Free Communities (DFC) program had been slated for a $9.5 million cut, the field responded in force, sending nearly 3,000 faxes to Capitol Hill to ask Congress to restore the funds. These efforts, along with the advocacy efforts of CADCA, paid off. Funding for the DFC program has been fully restored to $95 million for FY 2011.

Nearly 450 applications have been submitted for the current FY 2011 grant cycle. It is our understanding that a funding level of $95 million means that there should be enough funds to support approximately 75 new grants, rather than the 7 that would have been available if the program had been cut by $9.5 million. The fact that funding the DFC funding was restored is a major success for the field.

Click here for full article.


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